Chúng tôi khẳng định một chân lý hiển nhiên rằng mọi người sinh ra đều bình đẳng, rằng tạo hóa đã ban cho họ những quyền tất yếu và bất khả xâm phạm, trong đó có quyền sống, quyền được tự do và mưu cầu hạnh phúc . . . (Lời Mở Đầu Của Tuyên Ngôn Độc Lập Mỹ)
Tuesday, January 16, 2018
Driving a car with a manual transmission—also called a stick shift—requires more skill and understanding than operating a vehicle with an automatic transmission. In a stick shift vehicle, you will be manually shifting gears to adjust your speed, rather than letting the car do it for you.
Once you know the basics, you'll know how to drive a manual transmission vehicle in no time.
Clutch, Gear Stick & Parking Brake
To learn how to drive a stick shift, you'll need to know what makes this driving style different. As soon as you sit in the driver's seat you'll see:
Clutch pedal: The gas and brake pedals are in the same places as an automatic car, but on the far left is an extra pedal called the clutch. Your right foot is still used for the gas and the brake, but you will use your left foot to depress the clutch pedal when shifting gears.
Numbers on the gear stick: In an automatic transmission car, the gear stick has letters for drive, reverse, neutral, and park. In a manual, there are numbers for each gear, along with an “R" for “reverse".
The parking brake: Automatic transmission vehicles have a dedicated gear for parking, but manual transmissions do not. Always remember to set the parking brake when you park, or your vehicle will roll.
Learn the Location of the Gears
Even before you turn on the vehicle, you'll need to know a few basics of driving a stick shift. Use the following steps to guide you through the motion of shifting gears.
Depress the clutch pedal (remember: use your left foot!).
Move the gear stick in the following patterns for each of the gears listed below*:
1st gear: Left and up.
2nd gear: Left and down.
3rd gear: Straight up.
4th gear: Straight down.
5th gear: Right and up.
6th gear: Right and down.
Slowly release the clutch (this is also called feathering).
Repeat these steps for each gear so you get the feel for the motions. You should feel comfortable pushing the clutch and maneuvering the stick simultaneously. Be sure to return the stick shift to neutral before turning the car on.
If your vehicle is equipped with one, get familiar with the tachometer. This indicates revolutions per minute (RPMs) and will help you know when to shift gears. Eventually, you will know exactly when to shift based on the sounds of your engine, and you won't even need to look at this dial.
* NOTE: The shifting pattern described above is for most American made 5-speed manual transmissions. Your own shift pattern may vary, so please refer to your shift knob and owner's manual.
Steps to Driving a Stick Shift
The best place to learn how to driving a stick is an open, empty parking lot.
Push the clutch pedal all the way down before starting the car/Đạp hết bàn đạp ly hợp trước khi khởi động xe .
Engage the brake pedal/Đạp thắng. Nếu đã thắng tay , bạn ko cần đạp thắng , nhưng nên làm như vậy .
With the parking brake engaged, you don't need to depress the brake pedal, but it's a good idea nonetheless.
Turn the key or push the ignition button to start it up/Xoay chìa khóa hay bấm nút đánh lửa để khởi động xe .
With the clutch depressed, put the vehicle in 1st gear.
Release the parking brake/Trong khi chân vẫn đạp ly hợp , chuyển qua số 1 . Nhả thắng chân .
Rev the engine to between 1,500 RPM and 2,000 RPM. Any lower and the vehicle will stall, and you'll have to start again/Cho máy quay giửa 1.500 - 2.000 vòng/phút . Nếu thấp hơn xe sẽ ngừng , và bạn sẽ phải khởi động lại .
When you feel the clutch engage, and the engine reaches the desired RPMs, slowly start lifting your left leg to release pressure on the clutch/Khi bạn cảm thấy bộ ly hợp hoạt động , và xe đạt số vòng/phút mong muốn , từ từ nhả bàn đạp ly hợp để nhả áp lực trên bàn đạp ly hợp .
Your vehicle should start rolling forward slowly/Xe bạn bắt đầu lăn bánh chậm chậm .
If the car stalls at this point, just release the gas, put on the parking brake and push down the clutch pedal to put the car back in neutral gear to start over/Nếu xe ngừng ở lúc này , hảy nhả chân ga , đạp thắng và đạp ly hợp để đưa xe về số không để làm lại .
If you are moving, keep slowly pushing the gas pedal/Nếu xe chạy , tiếp tục đạp nhẹ thắng. When your engine reaches approximately 3,000 RPM, push the clutch pedal down and move into 2nd gear/Nếu động cơ đạt khoảng 3.000 vòng/phút , đạp ly hợp và chuyển qua số 2 .
When you need to stop, remember to push down the clutch pedal as well as the brake and move the gearshift into the neutral position/ Khi bạn cần ngừng , nhớ đạp ly hợp cũng như thắng và chuyển sang số không (neutral)
(To stop the car, push the clutch in with your left foot at the same time that you're releasing your right foot from the accelerator, move the shifter to neutral position, release the clutch, and apply only the brake pedal with your right foot to bring the car to a stop).
You can practice going into 1st and 2nd gear several times until you get the feel for your vehicle and the timing of your pedals.
If you have room, practice reversing/Nếu đậu xe nơi rộng rải , hảy tập de xe. Use the same pedal motion, releasing the clutch slowly when in the reverse gear. Continue practicing these steps until you can smoothly accelerate, move through the gears, and stop. When you feel confident, keep testing higher gears and faster speeds. You'll be a master of the manual vehicle in no time.